With 60%, glutamine is the most abundant free amino acid in our body. It is the only amino acid that contains two nitrogen atoms. This is the decisive factor as to why glutamine promotes muscle building better than other amino acids. It strengthens the immune system and promotes the production of glutathione, the body's most powerful antioxidant.
Glutamine is a non-essential amino acid and/or protein building block that can be produced by the body through other amino acids. Glutamine plays a crucial role in many metabolic processes, such as in the immune, digestive and nervous systems.
Glutamine occurs in particularly high concentrations in the blood plasma and, at 60%, is the most abundant amino acid found in the body and muscles.
- Glutamine ensures optimal protein synthesis and is indispensable for athletes who train intensively. It has a muscle building effect and at the same time, it counteracts the breakdown of muscle mass.
- Glutamine helps regulate the body's own pH value and ensures that the acids and bases remain in balance, which is necessary for proper cell functioning.
- Among other things, glutamine regulates the blood sugar level and ensures that glucose is converted into energy when required.
- Glutamine serves to protect the intestinal tract by lining it inside and protecting it from damage and stomach ulcers.
- Glutamine serves as a neurotransmitter and ensures that the cells can communicate with one another.
- Glutamine supports the transport of nitrogen in the body. This takes place through a transfer into the cells or through the implementation of chemical reactions. This includes, for example, the synthesis of proteins and creatine.
Glutamine is recommended
- for people with a weakened immune system
- for sustainable muscle building for strength athletes
- for people with an increased risk of infections
- after major operations
- for physical and mental stress
Which foods contain glutamine?
The natural suppliers of the amino acid are primarily foods such as meat and fish as well as wheat and dairy products. Quark (curd) also has a particularly high content of glutamine.
The amino acid is heat resistant. Heating the food, therefore, has no effect on the glutamine content. Glutamine is also offered as a dietary supplement.
How does a lack of glutamine show itself?
Glutamine is vital for the body. A deficiency can therefore lead to a damage to the immune system. A too low amount of glutamine can show itself in an increased susceptibility to infections.
This is because glutamine not only builds muscles but also protects the mucous membranes. If there is not enough glutamine, the intestines suffer in particular. Its mucous membranes become permeable and take in more viruses and bacteria.
The performance also drops noticeably if there is a lack of glutamine. A flaccid feeling in the muscles and a lack of concentration also indicate a lack of the amino acid. A deficiency is mainly caused by severe intrusions on the body. Therefore, people have an increased need for glutamine after an operation.
Glutamine intake and application
Strength athletes in particular have acknowledged the benefits of glutamine for themselves. This amino acid not only ensures a faster build-up of muscles, but glutamine also supports the muscles in maintaining muscle mass. By additionally taking glutamine, it is possible to build up a lot of muscle mass quickly.
Glutamine is also used more and more to strengthen and build up the immune system. The need for additional glutamine varies. Some people get by with an intake of 4 grams, but especially strength athletes need to take over 20 grams a day.
Since glutamine has a positive effect on the mucous membranes of the small intestine, it is used to treat intestinal diseases. Glutamine regenerates the mucous membranes and protects the intestines from being attacked by harmful bacteria and viruses.
Glutamine is especially important
- for people with weak immune systems
- for people with intestinal problems
- for strength and performance athletes
- with increased stress
- to increase performance
- to increase concentration
- for regeneration after serious operations
- for people with unstable blood sugar levels
- for support during a diet
- as brain food for increased mental exertion